Hans Holbein the Younger
Corneille De Lyon
I have seen speculation that this is Lettice Knollys.
If the portrait above is Lettice Knollys, surely this one is too, because this is clearly the same woman.
Lettice Knollys, 1585 (?the date)
Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Countess of Lincoln - 'The Fair Geraldine'
Steven van der Meulen
This portrait is called Dorothy, Lady Dormer by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, c. 1596.
According to gogm, it's a 1590s lady, traditionally identified as Lady Denman, portrait sold by Christie's.
Wikipedia provides the information that there is an inscription at top left reading Ye Lady Dormer and identifies the portrait as Portrait of Dorothy, Lady Dormer (1577 - ?), daughter of Sir Robert, 1st Baron Dormer, of Wing (1552-1616) and wife of Henry Hudleston of Sawston.
Dorothy Dormer Hudleston (b. 1577) would never have been known as Lady Dormer, however.
The two likeliest candidates based on the title and the fashions of the sitter in the portrait are:
DOROTHY CATESBY (c.1527-September 30, 1613)
Dorothy Catesby was the daughter of Anthony Catesby of Whiston, Northamptonshire (c.1500-October 10,1554) and Isabel Pigott. In about 1550, Dorothy married Sir William Dormer of Eythorpe and Wing, Buckinghamshire (c.1503-May 17, 1575). The Dormers were a Catholic family and sheltered priests during the reign of Edward VI. When Elizabeth Tudor took the throne, Dormer’s daughter by his first marriage, Jane, married a Spanish duke and moved to Spain. Dormer’s mother settled in the Netherlands. The family in England were under suspicion. Dormer was listed as a “hinderer” of Protestant religion in the 1560s and was on a list of alleged supporters of Mary Queen of Scots in 1574. Dorothy’s children by Dormer were Katherine (c.1550-March 23, 1615), Robert (January 26,1551-November 8, 1616), Margaret (1553-April 26,1637), Mary (c.1555-1637), Richard, Frances, Anne, and Peregrine. Magna Carta Ancestry adds Grizzel and Amphyllis and omits all sons except Robert. After Dormer’s death, Dorothy took as her second husband Sir William Pelham (c.1530-November 24, 1587), by whom she had one son, William. Pelham died of wounds suffered in battle at Flushing. Dorothy founded an almshouse in Wing, Buckinghamshire in 1596. She died at Eythorpe. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Pelham [née Catesby; other married name Dormer], Dorothy.” Portrait: alabaster effigy in Wing Church, Buckinghamshire; portrait c. 1596 by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger.
If this is a wedding portrait due to the intertwined wines, it could be painted around the time of Dorothy's second marriage to Sir William Pelham, sometime between the death of Sir William Pelham on the 24th of November 1587 and the death of her first husband on the 17th May 1575.
The black and yellow pattern of the lady's stomacher does complement the yellow and black of Sir William Pelham's armour in the portrait on his Wikipedia page.
The other candidate is Elizabeth Browne, daughter of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu and Magdalen Dacre. She was the half-sister of Mary Browne, Countess of Southampton whose portrait is shown further up on this page. Elizabeth (d.1631) was married to Dorothy's son Robert Dormer, 1st Baron Dormer.
According to Wikipedia, this is a late 16th century, c. 1592, oil portrait of a member of the Browne and or Dormer family.
According to the Wikipedia page for Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu, it's either Mary Dormer Browne or Elizabeth Browne Dormer as widows, c. 1592 or c. 1616, oil-on-panel, (35 x 29 inches).
AE (interlocked) TA (interlocked) 19 upper right; dated 1581 upper left
By 1733, gallery of the Princes of Liechtenstein, Vienna [see note]; 1918, removed from the gallery and taken to Schloss Valtice (Feldsberg), present-day Czech Republic; 1922, sold by the Princes of Liechtenstein to Glückselig (dealer), Vienna. William Sturgis Bigelow (b. 1850 - d. 1926), Boston; 1927, bequest of William Sturgis Bigelow to the MFA. (Accession Date: March 22, 1927)
NOTE: Information about the movement of the painting within the Liechtenstein collection and its sale in 1922 was provided by Gustav Wilhelm, Director of the Liechtenstein Collection, in a letter to the MFA of December 30, 1955. The painting bears a seal from the Liechtenstein collection that dates from 1733. It was included in the Katalog der fürstlich Liechtensteinischen Bilder-Galerie im Gartenpalais der Rossau zu Wien (1885), cat. no. 77.»
Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, 1590
Katherine Carey, Countess of Nottingham, 1597
MARY ZOUCHE (c.1512-1542+)
Mary Zouche was the daughter of John Zouche, 8th baron Zouche of Harringworth (c.1486-August 10, 1550) and his first wife, Dorothy Capell. In about 1527, she wrote to her cousin, Sir John Arundell of Lanherne (Mary’s grandmother was Margaret Arundell, Sir John’s aunt), asking to be taken into royal service because her new stepmother (Susan Welby) was cruel to her. The letter was probably written before 1529. It is dated only “at Notwell, the 8th day of October.” Mary was at court as a maid of honor, possibly to Catherine of Aragon and certainly to Anne Boleyn and Jane Seymour. She is the “Mrs. Souche” who was given jeweled borders by Queen Jane and attended Jane’s funeral. In 1537, Mary was granted an annuity of £10 for her services to the late queen. It was to continue until she married. She was still receiving it in 1542. A number of accounts say Mary never wed, but the will of Robert Burbage of Hayes Park Hall, Middlesex (d. 1575), identifies his late wife as “the eldest daughter of John Zouche, knight, Lord Zouche, Saint Maur and Cantelupe.” It would appear that they married shortly after the payment of her annuity in 1542, when Mary was about thirty. They had one daughter, Anne, who married William Goring of Barton, Sussex (d.1601) in 1563. Burbage’s will, dated July 1, 1575 and proved October 15, 1575, instructed that his tomb include Mary’s arms and he also left a bequest of ten pounds to Marie Pigott, for her faithful service to his wife “when she was alive and to him since her mistress’s death.” Portrait: Although the “M” in “M. Souch” could be an abbreviation for “Mistress” rather than “Mary,” or indicate that the likeness is of Margaret Cheney, second wife of Richard, 9th baron Zouche, it is far more likely that Mary Zouche is the subject of the Holbein sketch at Windsor.
ANNE GAINSFORD or GAYNSFORD (d. before 1548)
Anne Gainsford was said by John Foxe, author of the Book of Martyrs, to be the daughter of John Gainsford of Crowhurst, Surrey. John Gainsford, also of Guildford, Surrey (1467-October 28, 1540) had six wives. Anne was the daughter of the second, Anne Hawte or Haute (1473-1508) and was likely born between 1495 and 1501. Foxe further states, giving his source as John Lowthe, archdeacon of Nottingham, who had spent the early part of his career in the Zouche household, that Anne Gainsford, as yet unmarried, was a member of Anne Boleyn’s household as early as 1528. She was in possession of her mistress’s copy of William Tyndale’s The Obedience of the Christian Man, a book deemed heretical by Cardinal Wolsey, when Anne Boleyn’s equerry, George Zouche, who was courting Anne Gainsford, filched it. Having begun to read, he refused to return it, and he was caught by the dean of the Chapel Royal, who reported the matter to Wolsey. According to George Wyatt, who wrote the first biography of Anne Boleyn c.1590, Anne Gainsford herself recounted this incident to him, but there is some doubt about that claim, given the probable date of her death. The story goes that around the time Anne Boleyn became queen, Anne Gainsford married George Zouche, who then became a gentleman pensioner to the king. Later, as Anne Zouche, Anne was obliged to testify against Queen Anne. George Zouche is Sir George Zouche of Codnor (c.1494-1557). Some online genealogies have George Zouche married to Anne Gainsford well before 1528 and taking a second wife in 1526. Others date their children’s births from 1523-1535 and have George remarry in 1536. Mary S. Lovell in her biography of Bess of Hardwick (Bess was raised in Lady Zouche’s household at Codnor Castle) says that Anne Gainsford was a lady in waiting to both Anne Boleyn and Jane Seymour before her marriage. This would place their marriage in 1536 or later. However, S. T. Bindoff, ed, in The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1509-1558, in the entry for John Zouche (August 27, 1534-June 19, 1586), states that he was the first son of George and Anne. The correct chronology appears to be that Anne and George married c.1533. Their first child was John, but after that matters once again become confused. Anne may be the mother of seven additional children (including William, George, Lucy, Anne, Margaret, and Francis). George’s second wife, Helena Lane (d.1560) is usually credited with eleven more. Anne had died by July 16, 1548, when George made his will and named his wife as Ellen. According to a family tree drawn in 1550 and showing all eleven children of the second marriage, the Eleanor and Bridget mentioned in the will belong to Helena, thus moving the date Anne died even earlier. Portrait: If the Holbein sketch of M. Souch at Windsor is not Mary Zouche, then it is probably Anne Gainsford.
The Portrait of a Woman, Sometimes Identified as the Duchess of Suffolk, c.1560 is the same woman as ‘Unknown woman, wearing a cross’ in cloth of silver, nearly half way down your homepage. Thanks.
Cut a long-ish story short: i think it is FG. Thanks.
07.12 | 21:47
It looks like The Tau cross derives from the Egyptian Ankh and basically they are wearing it around their necks, life rebirth, salvation mirror. sun.Stonehenge looks like it is made up of Ts to form c
07.12 | 21:30
are wearing the symbol on effigies at Ingham church Norfolk and Henry StanleyD1528 at Hillingdon Middlesex.Countess Jacquline of Hainaut and husband Frank Borsele are also wearing the insignia others
07.12 | 21:23
These Queens could of been members of the order and i think the Tau cross is a symbol of the Holy Trinity also.These pendants could of been reliquaries.Lady margaret de Bois and Roger de bois
07.12 | 21:17
I think the Tau cross that they are wearing could be linked to the(knights) order of St Anthony, Mary 1st collar looks like it may represent the knotted girdle/waist cord of st Anthony .